: Stages of Group

A basic understanding of can help you develop a high-perfing project team.

Project Manager’s Resource

The 17 Indisputable Laws of Teamwork

For many companies, when a project sta it will be staffed with a new team. Some of the team members may have
worked with each other in previous projects, but as a whole, the team is new.

As the project manager for a newly fed team, you will want to help them get to an effective and high-perfing
state as quickly as possible. Understanding the stages of group can help you build a
cohesive team that gets results.

One of the most influential models of was developed in 1965 by Bruce Tuckman. His original
model identified four stages that all groups pass through as they move from “newly fed” to “high-perfance” teams.
In 1977, he revised the model to include a fifth stage. Those stages are Fing, ing, Ning,
, and Adjourning.

During the Fing stage, members of the project team meet each other and learn the tasks
they will need to perf. Team members will try to see how they fit in with each other and understand what is
expected of them.

During this stage, it is critical for the project manager to provide structure and direction for the team.
Clearly defining the project’s objectives and making sure each team member understands their role and responsibilities
will help you lead the team through this stage successfully.

The ing stage is characterized by inter issues such as conflict and polarization.
During this stage it is common for team members to challenge each other, including the project manager! Team members
will also question what they are doing and how it is being done.

As the project manager, this will likely be the most challenging time leading your project. Understanding that
this type of conflict is nal for any team will help you pass through this stage successfully.

During this stage, some of the skills that will help you build your team are conflict management, active
listening, and relationship building. It is also important for you to be assertive, confident, and positive during
this stage, especially if some of the team members are challenging your leadership.

As conflicts become less intense and the team members begin to understand and accept each other, the team will
gradually move into the Ning stage. It is during this stage that your team sta to come
together and is able to focus more effectively on the project tasks and objectives.

During this stage, you will want to focus on keeping everyone moving in the right direction. Communication and
constructive feedback will help you do this. You can continue your team building effo by arranging social events
with the team and making sure to give positive recognition to team members.

In the Perfing stage, team members are comfortable with each other and group ns have been
accepted. Inter and structural issues have been settled and support task perfance. Team synergy is high
during this stage which results in high perfance.

Now that the team is perfing at a high , you will be able to focus more of your energy on leadership
activities and less on supervisory activities. This of synergy amplifies the overall effectiveness of
your project.

As the project comes to an end, the team moves into the Adjourning stage. At this point, the
team has become very close and many of the team members will feel a sense of loss. For this reason, this stage is
also known as the Mourning stage.

As the project manager, it is important that you arrange for a celebration to recognize the team’s accomplishments.
This will close the project on a positive note. Plus, you never know when you will work with some of these same
people on a future project you are leading. They’ll remember the recognition and appreciation you showed them on
this project.

Do you want to learn more so you can get your team to the Perfing Stage quicker?  Check out…

The 17 Indisputable Laws of Teamwork

The Tuckman model is one of the most influential models of . Understanding
its five stages of group can help you develop a high performing project team.

Importance of Teamwork in the Workplace

Teamwork in the workplace is critical for project success. Learn why teamwork is important and the key steps you can take to create an environment for effective teamwork in organizations and projects.

Fun Team Building Games and Activities in the Workplace

Fun team building games with instructions so you can increase your team’s motivation and teamwork. These team building exercises and ideas are perfect in the workplace.

Organizational Structure Types for Project Managers

Learn how organizational structure types can affect how you manage your project.

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