Slideshow: Life-Threatening Allergy Triggers

Slideshow: Life-Threatening Allergy Triggers

Peanuts are one of the most common cause of food-related allergy death. They can trigger anaphylaxis — a reaction that may be fatal if not treated right away. Symptoms usually start within minutes of exposure. But they can also start within seconds or take hours to develop. Call 911 at the first sign of swelling, hives, trouble breathing, a rapid pulse, or dizziness.

Reactions to foods are the most common cause of anaphylaxis in the United States. Shellfish, such as shrimp, lobster, and crab are triggers for some people. Shellfish and fish allergies can be so serious that just the cooking vapors can sometimes trigger an allergic reaction. As a reaction gets worse, tissues swell, blocking airways, and people can have deadly heart and circulation problems.

The tiny sesame seed can cause an anaphylactic reaction. Legumes such as lentils, peas, soy beans, and other beans can also cause reactions. They’re related to the peanut, which is actually a legume. Real nuts such as cashews and walnuts also tend to cause problems for some adults. 

In addition to peanuts, children are often allergic to wheat, milk, and eggs. Because they all can be hidden in other foods, read labels carefully. By law, the eight most common allergenic foods — milk, eggs, fish, shellfish, tree nuts, peanuts, soy, and wheat — and ingredients made from them such as lecithin (soy) and whey (milk) should be listed.

Venom from honeybees, yellow jackets, wasps, and hornets can cause anaphylaxis. If you have had a reaction to a sting or suspect an allergy, see an allergist about allergy shots. Allergy shots may be effective at preventing anaphylaxis from insect stings. Avoid wearing perfume or cologne and bright colors. They can attract stinging bugs.

Crawling, biting insects like ants and ticks can cause severe allergic reactions just like flying, stinging bugs. Fire ants can inject their venom over and over. Watch out for ant nests to avoid the painful bites of these bugs. Wearing closed-toed shoes, pants, and long sleeves outside may also help you avoid bug bites.

Penicillin and other antibiotics are common causes of drug-related anaphylaxis. Chemotherapy drugs, imaging dyes, and muscle relaxants used in anesthesia can also cause problems. To prevent medication-related anaphylaxis, your doctor may suggest allergy shots or prescribe different medications.

Latex-related anaphylaxis is rare. People who’ve had many surgeries and health care workers tend to be most at risk. Triggers can include gloves, IV tubes, syringes, and other items made with natural rubber latex. Even non-medical items like balloons, elastic, and condoms can cause reactions. Look for non-latex, synthetic choices.

Even medications you can buy over the counter can trigger anaphylaxis in some people. Aspirin, ibuprofen, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are some that may cause severe allergic reactions.

Some people really are allergic to exercise. In rare cases, physical activity such as walking, dancing, or swimming can cause anaphylaxis. Sometimes it happens only with exercise along with eating certain foods or taking specific drugs. Exercising in hot, cold, or humid weather can increase anaphylaxis chances. An allergist can help identify the cause.

Call 911 and get medical help right away at the first sign of anaphylaxis. Watch for trouble breathing, low blood pressure, and change in consciousness. Other symptoms include:

Epinephrine can prevent or reverse anaphylaxis symptoms. If you’ve been prescribed epinephrine injectors, carry two doses with you and practice using them. If you think you’re having an anaphylactic reaction, immediately inject epinephrine even if you are unsure that the symptoms are allergy related. Then call 911, even if you feel better.

Having asthma and a food allergy can put you at risk for anaphylaxis. So can a previous severe allergic reaction. To cut the chance of a deadly reaction, control asthma. In adults, controlling heart disease and COPD can help lessen the severity of complications from anaphylaxis. Concerns? Talk with your doctor.

If you have an allergy, medical alert jewelry gives important medical information to doctors and others in case you have a severe reaction. The MedicAlert Foundation offers a 24-hour emergency response service and family notification. ID can come in the form of bracelets, dog tags, sports bands, watches, and more.

Don’t just worry about a reaction. Be prepared. See an allergist for a diagnosis, emergency treatment plan, and information on avoiding triggers. Keep your epinephrine supply current and find out if any medications you take can interfere with it. Talk to your family, coworkers, and friends about warning signs and treatment. If the time comes, you’ll all be ready.

Sources
|

Medically Reviewed on 11/8/2017

Reviewed by Nayana

Ambardekar, MD on November 08, 2017

IMAGES PROVIDED BY:

1)    iStock/Photo Researchers Inc.
2)    FoodCollection
3)    iStock
4)    iStock
5)    Carola Schubbel/Imagebroker
6)    Jason Edwards/National Geographic
7)    iStock
8)    iStock
9)    Uppercut Images
10)  Erik Isakson/Tetra Images
11)  Interactive Medical Media LLC
12)  Peter Dazeley/Photographer’s Choice
13)  Stockbyte/White
14)  John Slater/Digital Vision
15)  Véronique Burger / Photo Researchers, Inc.

SOURCES:

Allergy, Sensitivity & Environmental Health Association.
American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology.
American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology.
Anaphylaxis Australia.
Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America.
FDA.
Food Allergy Initiative (FAIUSA).
Golden, D. Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America, May 2007.
MedicAlert Foundation.
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease.
National Institutes of Health.
Oregon State University, Linus Pauling Institute.
Settipane, G. Allergy Proceedings, July-August 1989.
Tennessee Department of Agriculture.
The Peanut Institute.
World Allergy Organization.

Reviewed by Nayana

Ambardekar, MD on November 08, 2017

This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.

THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.

View our slideshows to learn more about your health.

© 2005 – 2018 WebMD LLC. All rights reserved.

WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

See additional information.

Slideshow: Life-Threatening Allergy Triggers

Research & References of Slideshow: Life-Threatening Allergy Triggers|A&C Accounting And Tax Services
Source

12 Natural Ways to Defeat Allergies

12 Natural Ways to Defeat Allergies

It’s a gorgeous day. But if the pollen count is high, keep the windows and doors closed to protect your indoor air. You can also install a HEPA filter on your air-conditioning system and a flat or panel filter on your furnace.

Butterbur is one of the most promising and well-researched. Some studies suggest that a butterbur extract called Ze 339 may work as well as antihistamine medicines. Other studies show that plant-based Phleum pratense and pycnogenol may be helpful, too.

Each time you walk into your home, you bring small pieces of the outside world with you. After being outdoors, your clothes, shoes, hair, and skin are covered with tiny particles from everywhere you’ve been. Take a shower and change your clothes to wash away any allergens. Leave your shoes at the door, too.

It’ll keep allergens from getting into your airways when you can’t avoid certain allergy triggers, like when you work in your yard or vacuum. An N95 respirator mask, available at most drugstores and medical supply stores, will block 95% of small particles, such as pollen and other allergens.

In one study, children who ate lots of fresh vegetables, fruits, and nuts — particularly grapes, apples, oranges, and tomatoes — had fewer allergy symptoms. Researchers are still trying to figure out the link. But there’s no doubt that a healthy diet is good for your whole body. Add at least one fresh fruit and veggie to every meal.  

A nasal rinse cleans mucus from your nose and can ease allergy symptoms there. It also can whisk away bacteria, thin mucus, and cut down on postnasal drip. Buy a rinse kit or make one using a neti pot or a nasal bulb. Mix 1/2 teaspoon salt with a pinch of baking soda in 8 ounces of warm distilled or sterilized water. Lean over a sink and gently flush one nostril at a time.

If you feel stuffy or have postnasal drip from your allergies, sip more water, juice, or other nonalcoholic drinks. The extra liquid can thin the mucus in your nasal passages and give you some relief. Hot fluids like teas, broth, or soup have an added benefit: steam.

Keep your home clean. It’s one of the best ways to avoid indoor allergens. But harsh chemicals can irritate your nasal passages and aggravate your symptoms. So make natural cleaners with everyday ingredients like vinegar or baking soda. Use a vacuum cleaner that has a HEPA filter to trap allergens. If you have severe allergies, ask someone else to tidy up.

Inhale some steam. This simple trick can ease a stuffy nose and help you breathe easier. Hold your head over a warm (but not too hot) bowl or sink full of water, and place a towel over your head to trap the steam. Or sit in the bathroom with a hot shower running.

It can worsen your runny, itchy, stuffy nose and watery eyes. Choose smoke-free restaurants, nightclubs, and hotel rooms. Avoid other fumes that can make your symptoms worse, too, like aerosol sprays and smoke from wood-burning fireplaces.

This ancient practice may bring some relief. The way acupuncture affects nasal allergies is still unclear. But a few studies show that it may help. Ask your doctor if it would be good to try.

You may think you know what the problem is. But are you sure? Make an appointment with an allergist for an allergy skin test to pinpoint your triggers. Then you can make a plan to avoid them.

Sources
|

Medically Reviewed on 1/17/2017

Reviewed by Neha

Pathak, MD on January 17, 2017

IMAGES PROVIDED BY:

(1)    Didier Robcis / Stone
(2)    Koichi Kumagaya / Sebun Photo
(3)    Purestock
(4)    Tarick Foteh / Brand X Pictures
(5)    Jerome Tisne / Iconica
(6)    Paul Viant / Photographer’s Choice
(7)    Brayden Knell / WebMD
(8)    Thomas Northcut / Digital Vision
(9)    Russell Sadur / Dorling Kindersley
(10)    Halfdark
(11)    Fuse / Image Collection
(12)    Garo / Phanie

SOURCES:

American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology.

American Academy of Otolaryngology.

Brinkhaus, B. Annals of Internal Medicine, February 2013.

EPA.

Chatzi, L. Thorax, August 2007.

Lee, D. Clinical & Experimental Allergy, April 2004.

Medical News Today.

National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine: “Seasonal Allergies and Complementary Health Practices: What the Science Says.”

National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health.

National Jewish Health.

Natural Therapeutics Comprehensive Database: “Allergic Rhinitis.”

Office of Dietary Supplements.

James Sublett, MD, section chief of pediatric allergy, University of Louisville School of Medicine.

University of Maryland Medical Center.

University of Rochester Health Service.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Wilson, D. Phytotherapy Research, August 2010.

Xiu-Min Li, MD, professor of pediatrics; director, Center for Chinese Herbal Therapy for Allergy and Asthma, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York.

Reviewed by Neha

Pathak, MD on January 17, 2017

This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.

THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.

Find WebMD on:

©2005-2018 WebMD LLC. All rights reserved.

WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
See additional information.

12 Natural Ways to Defeat Allergies

Research & References of 12 Natural Ways to Defeat Allergies|A&C Accounting And Tax Services
Source