Guest Post by John Lewis:
I started participating in outdoor activities at the age of 16. I share my experiences and stories over at Epic Wilderness.
According to the Rule of 3, you can only live for 3 hours without shelter. The reason is simply because shelter provides adequate protection from extreme weathers (strong winds, rain, snows, etc). One of the major causes of death among outdoorsmen is hypothermia (when your body temperature is too low) knowing how to build a good shelter is one element to helping you keep your body temperature at 98.6 degrees.
In this post, we will talking about 5 different bushcraft shelters that you can build using the natural resources that can be found in the woods. The main reason it’s important to be able to build shelters out of natural resources is that you will be able to survive in the woods even if you have a lack of man-made materials (such as tarp, ropes, etc). Of course, if you have them with you, it will make your job much easier because building a natural shelter takes a lot of time and energy! In this post, I am assuming that you will have at least a sharp survival knife with you all the time. That’s probably the only thing you will definitely need to build these shelters. However a good folding saw or a snow saw could come in handy as well! Below you will find 5 video tutorials from Youtube that will guide you through the whole building process of each of the 5 shelters (at least the core steps).
First we have the A-Frame shelter. The name A-Frame comes from the fact the shelter looks like the letter A once it’s fully built. If you are new to wilderness survival, this is probably the first shelter you will learn how to build.
Note: As he notes in the video to make this A Frame totally waterproof he would need to add more natural materials to the outside until he could not see any light coming through from the inside.
Another great shelter that you should learn to build is the Swamp Bed shelter. It’s essentially a raised bed (or area where you can rest on) where it’s fixed above the ground.
As the name suggests, Lean-To are shelters built leaning towards at least one tree or even two trees.
A snow cave is pretty similar to an igloo. The only difference is that, you stack ice block layer by layer to build an igloo. For a snow cave, all you do is dig into a deep snow bank and then hollow out the inside. You can also buold a quinzee by piling up a large pile of snow and then hollowing it out as well. But this takes a considerably more effort to build.
There are many forms of debris hut out there but I really like the one built by Survival Lilly in one of her videos. You can check it out in the video below.
There are certainly more than 5 types of bushcraft shelters that you can build but these 5 are definitely the basic ones that you should know. Also, I have to say I am amazed by the creativity of the survival community. While I was looking around on Youtube to search for relevant videos to be used in this post, I saw many different improvised shelters. Let me know what your favorite bushcraft shelter is in the comment area below!
Wow. Fantastic videos. You have such a wide range of shelters to build in all different survival scenarios. I appreciate you taking the time to put these all together. I look forward to more posts.
Thanks. I appreciate the feedback!
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