Fast Five Quiz: Probiotics Facts vs Fiction

Fast Five Quiz: Probiotics Facts vs Fiction

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Mary L. Windle, PharmD

March 03, 2021

Probiotics are living microorganisms that are beneficial for the digestive system. They can be found in products such as kombucha and yogurt, and in various oral supplements taken as tablets or capsules. Researchers are continuing to investigate the connection between these live bacteria and yeasts and the prevention or treatment of various health conditions.

Misperceptions and assumptions about the proposed benefits of probiotics are common. Although studies are still underway, some guidelines are now available to help physicians better advise patients on probiotic use. When it comes to probiotics, are you able to separate fact from fiction? Test yourself with this short quiz.

Medscape © 2021 WebMD, LLC

Any views expressed above are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect the views of WebMD or Medscape.

Cite this: Mary L. Windle. Fast Five Quiz: Probiotics Facts vs Fiction – Medscape – Mar 03, 2021.

Adjunct Associate Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Editor-in-Chief, Medscape Drug Reference

Disclosure: Mary L. Windle, PharmD, has disclosed no relevant financial relationships.

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Fast Five Quiz: Sinusitis With Nasal Polyps

Fast Five Quiz: Sinusitis With Nasal Polyps

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Arlen D. Meyers, MD, MBA

December 29, 2020

Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is one of the most common medical disorders worldwide. It is believed to affect nearly 12% of the adult population and is characterized by inflammation of the nose and sinus cavities that persists for a minimum of 12 weeks. Approximately 20% of patients with CRS have nasal polyps, or chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). CRSwNP has been associated with significant morbidity, discomfort and healthcare costs. Without proper treatment, it can significantly diminish the productivity and quality of life of affected individuals.

How familiar are you with CRSwNP? Refresh your knowledge with this quick quiz.

Medscape © 2020 WebMD, LLC

Any views expressed above are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect the views of WebMD or Medscape.

Cite this: Arlen D. Meyers. Fast Five Quiz: Sinusitis With Nasal Polyps – Medscape – Dec 29, 2020.

Professor of Otolaryngology, Dentistry, and Engineering, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado

Disclosure: Arlen D. Meyers, MD, MBA, has disclosed the following relevant financial relationships:
Serve(d) as a director, officer, partner, employee, advisor, consultant or trustee for: CereScan; RxRevu; Cliexa; The Physicians Edge; Sync-n-Scale; mCharts
Received income in an amount equal to or greater than $250 from: The Physicians Edge; Cliexa
Received stock from: RxRevu
Received ownership interest from: CereScan, for consulting

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Trending Clinical Topic: Vegan Diet

Trending Clinical Topic: Vegan Diet

Trending Clinical Topic: Vegan Diet

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Ryan Syrek

September 27, 2019

Each week, we identify one top search term, speculate as to what caused its popularity, and provide an infographic on a related condition. If you have thoughts about what’s trending and why, feel free to share them with us on Twitter or Facebook.

News out of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) 2019 Annual Meeting further expounds on previous evidence regarding the benefits of plant-based diets and resulted in this week’s top trending clinical topic. A randomized controlled trial in overweight/obese adults found that a low-fat vegan diet causes gut microbiota changes that are related to altered body composition and insulin sensitivity. Participants who followed a vegan diet lost about 1 pound per week on average. They also had an increased presence of the commensal bacterium Faecalibacterium prausnitzii; lower amounts are found in patients with diabetes.

This supports the findings of a large meta-analysis published earlier this year, which found that middle-aged people who ate more plant-based foods were less likely to develop type 2 diabetes than their peers who ate more meat, fish, eggs, and dairy. The researchers do acknowledge that the evidence does not directly show cause and effect, but it does suggest a possible role for vegetarianism and veganism in protecting against diabetes.

Findings are similar in regard to the risk for chronic kidney disease (CKD). A community-based cohort study found that a diet favoring plant-based foods modestly reduces CKD risk, provided that individuals are not overweight or obese. Given all of that, increased interest in vegan diets is not surprising. For example, the number of vegan Brits has quadrupled over the past 4 years. Although the United States has not seen a similar increase, information about substantial health benefits has the potential to change that. At the very least, the recent news about vegan diets captured plenty of attention from medical professionals, becoming this week’s top trending clinical topic.



Read more about type 2 diabetes prevention and CKD risk factors.

Medscape © 2019 WebMD, LLC

Any views expressed above are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect the views of WebMD or Medscape.

Cite this: Ryan Syrek. Trending Clinical Topic: Vegan Diet – Medscape – Sep 27, 2019.

Senior Editor, Medical Students, Medscape Drugs & Diseases

Disclosure: Ryan Syrek has disclosed no relevant financial relationships.

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