Identity Protection: Prevention, Detection and Victim Assistance

Identity theft places a burden on its victims and presents a challenge to businesses, organizations and government agencies, including the IRS.

The IRS combats tax-related identity theft with an aggressive strategy of prevention, detection and victim assistance. We’re making progress against this crime, as it remains one of our highest priorities.

Tax-related identity theft occurs when someone uses your Social Security number to file a tax return claiming a fraudulent refund. If you become a victim, we’re committed to helping you resolve your case as quickly as possible.

The IRS, the states and the private-sector tax industry are working together to identify and apply safeguards to better protect taxpayers and fight identity theft. However, we need your help. Learn what you can do to help make your personal, financial and tax data safer at: Taxes. Security. Together.


The IRS doesn’t initiate contact with taxpayers by email to request personal or financial information. This includes any type of electronic communication, such as text messages and social media channels. The IRS does not call taxpayers with threats of lawsuits or arrests.

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