Day: March 6, 2019

Growth Plate (Physeal) Fractures

Growth Plate (Physeal) Fractures No Results No Results processing.... Growth plate (physeal) fractures may be defined as disruptions in the cartilaginous physis of long bones that may or may not involve epiphyseal or metaphyseal bone. [1] Injuries to the physes are more likely to occur in an active pediatric population than sprains or ligame...
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Congenital Spinal Deformity 

Congenital Spinal Deformity  No Results No Results processing.... Congenital deformities of the spine are spinal deformities identified at birth that are a byproduct of anomalous vertebral development in the embryo. Minor bony malformations of all types occur in up to 12% of the general population and are usually not apparent, often identified...
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Congenital Pseudoarthrosis of Clavicle

Congenital Pseudoarthrosis of Clavicle No Results No Results processing.... In 1930, Saint-Pierre reported congenital failure of clavicle formation. In 1963, Alldred reported nine cases of congenital pseudoarthrosis of the clavicle. [1] Congenital failure of formation (ossification) of the central portion of the clavicle produces a painless prominence in the anterior superior chest in the absence of trauma. [2, ...
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Birth-Related (Obstetrical) Brachial Plexus Injuries

Birth-Related (Obstetrical) Brachial Plexus Injuries No Results No Results processing.... The term birth-related brachial plexus palsy (BRBPP) refers to injury noted in the perinatal period to all or a portion of the brachial plexus. [1, 2] The term obstetrical brachial plexus palsy (OBPP) has also been used but has negative implications; accordingly, other terms...
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Traumatic Heterotopic Ossification

Traumatic Heterotopic Ossification No Results No Results processing.... Heterotopic ossification was originally described in 1692 by Guy Patin, the Doyen of the Faculté de Médecine de Paris. Patin described a condition he observed in children and called myositis ossificans progressiva. The next major development in the history of heterotopic ossification came in 1918 because &#...
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Synovial Chondromatosis

Synovial Chondromatosis No Results No Results processing.... Synovial chondromatosis is a rare condition in which foci of cartilage develop in the synovial membrane of joints, bursae, or tendon sheaths as a result of metaplasia of the subsynovial connective tissue. These ectopic foci of cartilage can result in painful joint effusions and, on the generation of loose bo...
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Primary (Malignant) Lymphoma of Bone

Primary (Malignant) Lymphoma of Bone No Results No Results processing.... Primary lymphoma of bone (PLB; also referred to as reticulum cell sarcoma, malignant lymphoma of bone, or osteolymphoma) is an uncommon entity that accounts for fewer than 5% of all primary bone tumors. [1] (See the images below.) Orthopedic surgeons typically encounter PLB as a solitary lesion wi&#1...
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Parosteal Osteosarcoma

Parosteal Osteosarcoma No Results No Results processing.... Parosteal osteosarcoma arises from periosseous tissues adjacent to the cortex. [1] It is usually considered as an osteosarcoma variant, which must be differentiated from the intracortical and periosteal variants of osteosarcoma. Parosteal osteosarcoma is slow-growing and late to metastasize; accordingly, it carries &#...
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